Extended Booklist for Microwave Engineering, and Antennas and Propagation.

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Books on Antennas

Antenna Theory and Design. Second Edition.

by Warren L Stutzman and Gary A Thiele.

John Wiley 1998

xvi + 648 pages hardback.


The first edition of this book dates from 1981. It is a well-respected and well-established book. The new edition has nearly 200 of its 648 pages devoted to computational electromagnetics. I would like to be more positive about this book, but it is full of symbols which are not locally defined, indeed, there are some which an extended search earlier in the book failed to unearth. Thus, for self-teaching purposes it is far less useful than it could have been with a little more attention to sub-editing. Again, as with some of the other US-written books in this list, it is good at expounding the existing theories but only average for encouraging understanding of them.

Antenna theory, analysis, and design. Second edition.

by Constantine A Balanis, Arizona State University.

John Wiley 1997


This exhaustive book has 941 pages, and covers practically every topic you would wish to know about in general antenna design with lots of numerical examples. It comes with a computer disk. To my mind, it sometimes obscures the "wood" with the "trees" and contains rather too many formulas which are obviously intended to be applied blind. This is a rather unsafe way to approach this kind of subject; however I have not yet detected any errors of fact. The references at the end of each chapter provide a useful source for further reading.

Antennas. Second Edition.

by John D Kraus, Ohio State University.

McGraw-Hill 1988


The classic work on Antennas, written by a person who has worked in the field for many years and made many important contributions. Recommended.

Antennas (second edition).

by F.R.Connor.

Edward Arnold 1989


viii + 125 pp

This is a "little" book, containing much useful introductory material. The original publication date was 1972, and the writing reflects that epoch. There are numerical worked examples of the rather simple mathematics that underlie basic antenna theory. This is a very good starting point for students who wish to obtain a working knowledge of antenna properties and theory. There are some useful and instructive problems.

Antenna theory and design.

by Robert S Elliott, UCLA.

Prentice-Hall 1981


This book treats array antennas exhaustively, after starting by discussing single element radiating structures. It is hard going mathematically and requires facility with Maxwell's equations and the retarded potential formalism. If you have ever to design array antennas for a living, this is a useful source book of techniques. It is probably most appropriate for an advanced graduate course; but it will give the final year undergraduate student a glimpse of the complexities of real-life antenna design problems.

Antennas and Radiowave Propagation

by Robert E Collin, Case Western Reserve University.

McGraw-Hill 1985


This mathematically dense book has lots of fine derivations of antenna properties. It does not hesitate to use differential vector algebra and Maxwell's equations. There is a nice discussion of the effects of flaring a pyramidal horn microwave reference antenna. There is a short but useful section on microstrip patch antennas. It is a good source-book for advanced analytical mathematical methods and is as pleasing a book as the microwave book by the same author discussed in the essential reading list for the microwave option.

Radiowave Propagation and Antennas for Personal Communications

by Kazimierz Siwiak (Motorola)

Artech House 1995


A splendidly compressed book, quite unusual for an American text, containing lots of interesting and really useful results pertinent to communications to mobiles. A good treatment of electrically small antennas, and antennas adjacent to humans. Strongly recommended. Unusually, also, for a modern text, the book emphasises content over presentation. If only all technical writing were like this.

Diffraction theory and antennas

by R.H.Clarke and John Brown (Imperial College, London)

Ellis Horwood 1980 (John Wiley)


A very thorough treatment of aperture antennas using diffraction of plane waves to describe the field distributions. Relatively accessible and easy to understand.

Radio antennas and propagation

by William Gosling

Newnes 1998


An idiosyncratic book, 259 pages long, useful as an introduction and for some novel ideas. It is difficult to support the statement on the back cover that "This is the most modern, comprehensive, and system-oriented text on radio engineering in print...." by comparison with most of the books listed above.

General microwave/fields books

Microwave and RF design of wireless systems

by David M Pozar, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

John Wiley 2001


xii + 366 pp

As in the earlier book by David Pozar, below, this is succinct and splendidly well written. At the current time, it is my preferred introductory book to modern wireless communications. It is nice to see such a wide-ranging book in a sensible total number of pages; maybe, at last, American authors are realising that students have limited time and energy at that stage of their lives, and also, that economy and efficiency in learning is indeed important.

Microwave Engineering, second edition

by David M Pozar, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

John Wiley 1998


xvi + 716 pp

A splendid modern text, well written and accessible.

Microwave Engineering, with wireless applications

by S.R.Pennock and P.R.Shepherd (University of Bath)

Macmillan 1998


xiv + 352 pp

A British-style text, more compressed than most, with a good section on the properties of microstrip. Recommended.

An introduction to guided waves and microwave circuits

by Robert S Elliott UCLA

Prentice-Hall 1993


An excellent and thorough and quite difficult introduction. With worked examples.

Foundations for Microwave Engineering, second edition.

by Robert E Collin, Case Western Reserve University.

McGraw-Hill 1992


A very thorough, excellent book at an accessible level. 924 pages. Chapters on EM theory, transmission lines and waveguides, circuit theory including S matrix formulation, impedance matching and transformation, passive devices, resonators, periodic structures and filters, tubes, solid state amplifiers, parametric amplifiers, and oscillators and mixers. A good book to buy as a main reference work for practising microwave engineers.

Microwave & Wireless Communications Technology.

by Joseph J Carr

Newnes (Butterworth-Heinemann) 1997


A book for those people who are unhappy with the advanced mathematics found in other books, and who like every step of the equations spelled out in detail. A nice feature is that each chapter has a little "pre-quiz", which you can return to after reading the chapter if you cannot answer the questions on your existing knowledge. This flags the points to look out for. There are errors, notably the spelling "Transmittors" for "Transmitters" in chapter 17, and a gross error in the G/T formula for the figure of merit for a ground station antenna. The book seems to be aimed more at technician engineers. Many of the formulae are designed to be used "by rote". Not a good book for those people seeking a deep understanding, but accessible and a good read after you have learned the subject elsewhere. There are some good bits of technology thrown in.

Microwave engineering. Second edition.

by T Koryu Ishii Marquette University.

Harcourt Brace Jovanovich 1989, 1966


A standard older-style text with mathematics in place. UoS library reference 621.3813 ISH.

Advanced Engineering Electromagnetics.

by Constantine A Balanis, Arizona State University.

John Wiley 1989


A mathematically advanced book, 981 pages, on the subject of time harmonic electromagnetic fields. Chapters on Maxwell's equations for time varying fields, electrical properties of matter, the wave equation and solutions, wave propagation and polarisation, reflection and transmission at boundaries and in lossy materials, radiation and scattering equations, electromagnetic theorems and principles, rectangular waveguides and cavities, circular waveguides and cavities, spherical cavities, scattering problems, integral equations and the method of moments, geometrical theory of diffraction, and Green's function methods.

Electromagnetics. Fourth edition.

by John D Kraus, Ohio State University.

McGraw-Hill 1992 1984 1973 1953


John Kraus (in 1996) is 86 years old. This classic text is thorough but it provides an early template for some more modern "systems engineering" books, which consist largely of potted collections of unrelated facts. The latest edition (fifth) is co-authored with Daniel A Fleisch with an additional chapter on high speed digital systems by Samuel H Russ. It is printed in various shades of blue as well as the more usual black. Presentation helps in a book, and this is well presented. The ISBN of the latest edition is


This book is targeted at the average student and there are lots of useful worked examples to get students started on doing "little calculations". Recommended highly.

Introduction to electromagnetic fields. Second edition

by Clayton R Paul and Syed A Nasar

McGraw-Hill International Student Edition 1987


This is a good introductory book with all the mathematics in place. It starts with vector analysis, for those of you who are still weak at basic maths. It discusses field theory by way of Maxwell's equations, then has useful chapters on transmission lines, waveguides and resonators, antennas, and the Smith chart. It is not a light read, but the material is well organised and developed.

Microwave components, devices, and active circuits.

by Paul F Combes, Jaques Graffeuil and Jean-Francois Sautereau.

John Wiley 1987


Translated from the French by W J Duffin.

This is a book about technology. It covers transmission lines and substrates, production of impedances and resonant circuits, filters, diodes, amplifiers, mixers, ICs, and vacuum tubes.

Microwave engineering - passive circuits

by Peter A Rizzi, Southeastern Massachusetts University.

Prentice Hall 1988


This book is clear, and strong on waveguide components, matching, directional couplers, attenuators, phase shifters, resonators, and filters.

Microwave engineering and systems applications

by Edward A Wolff and Roger Kaul plus contributors.

John Wiley 1988


A useful introduction for newcomers, from a general systems engineering point of view. For those who wish to use microwaves rather than specialise in the area as designers or researchers. Excellent on MMICs. Good on practical applications.

Scattering parameter books

Microwave circuit design, using linear and non-linear techniques.

by George D Vendelin, Anthony M Pavio and Ulrich L Rohde.

Wiley-interscience 1990


An excellent book on the applications of s-parameter methods to amplifier, Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits (MMICs), and mixer designs.

Microwave components

Handbook of microwave and optical components vol 2

(microwave solid state components)

edited by Kai Chang

Wiley-interscience 1990


This is a very good collection of articles on solid state microwave technology, late 1980s level. It has sections on MBE (molecular beam epitaxy) fabrication methods, mixers and detectors, multipliers and parametric devices, PIN diodes, transferred electron devices, transit time diodes, microwave transistors including BJTs HEMTs and FETs, and integrated circuits.

HEMTs and HBTs; devices, fabrication, and circuits.

edited by Fazal Ali and Aditya Gupta.

Artech House 1991.


This is a specialised book on III-V technology devices, the High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT) and the Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor (HBT). There are lots of references to the original reports in the literature.

MMIC design

Edited by I D Robertson, King's College, London University.

IEE 1995


This is Stepan Lucyszyn's favourite book on Monolithic Microwave ICs, to which he has contributed a chapter. It is modern and as yet has no competition.

Microwave filters.

Synthesis of lumped element, distributed, and planar filters.

by Joseph Helszajn, Heriot-Watt University.

McGraw-Hill 1990


A general book on filter design with microwave applications and examples.

Microwave magnetics

by Ronald F Soohoo, Univ Calif at Davis

Harper and Row 1985


A truly excellent book on ferrite devices, non-reciprocal devices, circulators, isolators, phase shifters, magnetic switches, and the like, concentrating on principles.

Microwave circuit construction techniques

Microwave materials and fabrication techniques, edition 2

by Thomas Laverghetta

Artech House 1991


This book discusses materials (insulators and metals, with lots on relevant properties), Artwork and layout, etching, bonding, connectors and transitions, and packaging. It is a useful source-book for circuit builders and has no maths or theory.

Foundations for microstrip circuit design. edition 2.

by Terry Edwards

John Wiley 1992


This is a very practical book on the specialised but important area of microstrip transmission circuits and components. There are lots of applicable theory and design examples. Recommended.

Microwave Handbook, volume 2, Construction and Testing.

Edited by M W Dixon, G3PFR

RSGB (Radio Society of Great Britain) 1991


A very practical book written by radio amateurs with lots of useful practical hints for those who want to build real working microwave circuits and systems.

Applications of microwaves

Microwave imaging techniques

by Bernard D Steinberg and Harish M Subbaram

Wiley interscience 1991


"Microwave imaging is picture-taking with long-wavelength microwave energy."

Satellite communication systems. edition 2.

by G Maral and M Bousquet

John Wiley 1993


This is a systems applications book for our purposes, explaining where microwave engineering is used in satellite communications. It is short on principles, but indicates what the important component parameters are for this specific application.

Satellite broadcasting systems: planning and design

by J N Slater and L A Trinogga IBA and Leeds Poly

Ellis Horwood (John Wiley) 1985

0-470-20217-3 and 0-85312-864-2

Applications to satellite broadcasting systems. A kind of technician-engineer's book approach.

Understanding GMDSS; the global maritime distress and safety system.

by Laurie Tetley and David Calcutt

Edward Arnold 1994


A specialist application of satellite communications.

Electronic aids to navigation: Radar and ARPA

by R Lownsborough and D Calcutt

Edward Arnold 1993


ARPA stands for Automatic Radar Plotting Aid, and is used for automatic collision avoidance in shipping. This is a book aimed at HNC or HND students, but is included here as it shows the very important end uses of all the advanced mathematics developed in the abstract elsewhere in the books in this listing.

Microwave tube transmitters

by L Sivan

Chapman and Hall 1994


Here is a modern book on high power microwave transmitters which use vacuum tubes, klystrons, magnetrons, and TWTs (travelling wave tubes). It is unique in that it also covers the power supplies needed by these devices, which are an important part of the overall transmitting system.

Gyrotron Oscillators; their principles and practice.

edited by C J Edgecombe

Taylor and Francis 1993


This is the result of the application of relativistic kinematics to high power high frequency mm wave tube design. Gyrotrons are used for plasma heating in fusion experiments. Power outputs of 1 megawatt at 140 GHz, pulsed, have been reported for these devices.

Microwave Tubes.

A.S.Gilmour, Jr.

Artech House 1986


This is a most excellent review book. It has sections on Vacuum Techniques, Magnetic Focusing, Cathodes, Electron Guns, Gridded Tubes, Klystrons, TWTs, Crossed-Field Tubes, Fast wave Tubes including Gyrotrons and Peniotrons, and an excellent chapter on power handling, breakdown mechanisms, multipaction, and protection of tubes.

Older books.

Fields and waves in communication electronics, edition 3.

by Simon Ramo, John R Whinnery and Theodore Van Duzer.

John Wiley 1993, 1953, 1944


This was originally entitled "Fields and Waves in Modern Radio", by the first two authors, (Simon Ramo was a founder of the firm which became TRW systems Inc.) It is a splendid and classic text. You may find the field theory and the mathematics rather hard going for 1990s style educated backgrounds.

Hot electron microwave generators

by John E Carroll Cambridge University.

Edward Arnold 1970

This book is an easy-to-read introduction to the subject of Gunn oscillators and avalanche transit time devices. It concentrates on the semiconductor physics and principles of operation of these devices.

The Services Textbook of Radio, vol 5, transmission and Propagation.

by E V D Glazier and H R L Lamont

Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) London 1958

This is an excellent book with some useful colour pictures of waveguide mode field patterns, and a good introduction to transmission line and waveguide theory. It also has an accessible section on antennas and a set of design formulae for cavity resonators.

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20th July 2005